From the history of Bhutan we come to know that Bhutan was once known as “Lhomon Tsenden Jong” by the Tibetan, which literally means the “Southern Land of Cypress Tree”. The name a given since Bhutan was covered mostly by the Cypress Tree, which other then a medical herb and an incense tree, is also Bhutan’s National Tree.
The Royal Government of Bhutan has made a policy of preserving minimum of 65% of Bhutan’s area under Forest Coverage. It was a wise decision of our formal King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, who made a unique philosophy from the world, that’s The Philosophy of Gross National Happiness (GNH). The king also said in one of his National gathering with his people, “Gross National Happiness is much important than Gross National Product”. To bring this philosophy into a realm, GNH was further illustrated that it consisted of FOUR PILLARS which makes the GNH. From those four pillars, one pillar is Environmental Preservation. So, protecting of Bhutan’s Natural Wealth is not only a rule laid by the government but also a contributing stone to but a Happy Bhutan.
Many people come to Bhutan to commune with nature, to watch birds or look for exotic animals. The well-cared for environment of Bhutan supports more than 5,000 plant species, including some 300 medicinal plants and 600 types of orchids.
An abundance of bird life fills the forests and fields. Six hundred and seventy five different species have been identified (more than anywhere else on earth) and that list is growing as more and more birders visit Bhutan. While the most publicized birds are black-necked cranes that winter in Bhutan, other recorded sightings include the white-bellied heron, Blyth’s tragopan, and many hoopoes, cuckoos, warblers, horn-bills, and sun-birds.
In the Bhutanese animal kingdom there are 165 species. The strange looking takin (somewhat like an American moose) is the National animal. Other creatures you may find are monkeys, elephants, tigers, rhinos, Himalayan brown bears, red pandas, wild pigs, blue sheep, mountain goats, antelope, golden langurs, wild buffalo, and Himalayan martins. If you are lucky, you may even see a snow leopard!