Arts and Crafts

Architecture in Bhutan is found in no other place on this world. Bhutan’s Architect designing began when Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgay, the unifier of Bhutan entered Bhutan. He built the first Dzong in country, that is Simtokha Dzong, built in 1629, after 13 years of his arrival in country. These ancient dzongs, buildings still could be found at this present times, functioning as a Administrative centres and religious centre. The above dipicted Dzong is the Tashigang Dzong, a place in eastern Bhutan.

A cultural tour may showcase the country’s magnificent architecture and arts & crafts which form a significant part of the Bhutanese identity. The architecture is striking especially so when you learn the neither blueprints nor nails are used in construction. State buildings and homes alike have distinctive white mud walls supported by heavy timber frames and punctuated with arched trefoil windows. The wooden beams are painted with elaborate symbolic earth-toned designs. Dzongs (fortresses), Lhakhangs (temples), Goenpas (monasteries), Chortens/Stupas (religious monuments) and houses all reflect this special architecture.

Bhutan is justly proud of its vibrant heritage in arts and crafts. There are thirteen traditional crafts, which are called Zorig Chusum in native language: painting, carpentry, carving, sculpture, casting, blacksmithing, bamboo work, gold and silver smithing, weaving, embroidery, masonry, leather work, and paper-making. Music and dance are also part of the traditional arts and passed down through generations. In Thimphu, you can visit a school where talented young people study for seven years to become experts in traditional crafts.